Outline


Statistical Observables
The following statistical observables can all be used to describe fluctuations in the galaxy density field.
Fourier space power spectrum :
The Fourier space matter power spectrum is defined by:
,
where represents the Fourier transform of the matter overdensities and the mean density of the Universe is . The term represents the Dirac delta function.
Projected spherical harmonic power spectrum :
One can decompose the projected galaxy density field of an allsky survey using an angular decomposition in spherical harmonics:
,
where represent the set of orthonormal spherical harmonics which span the sphere and the 's are the spherical harmonic coefficients. The spherical coordinates
and are related to the Galactic corrdinates by and .
For a given discrete density distribution, the coefficients can be determined by direct summation over the galaxy angular positions:
,
where the sum is over all galaxies in the survey, i.e. correspond to the angular positionof each galaxy, and denotes the density (as opposed to overdensity). The above harmonic coefficients are related to the galaxy overdensity coefficients by:
, where denotes the number of galaxies per steradian.
The harmonic coefficients are not rotationally invariant quantities. It is the spherical harmonic overdiensity power spectrum that one can compare with the linear theory predicitions (Peebles 1980). The power spectrum is related to the harmonic coefficients by:
Building Blocks of Galaxy Correlations
Features in the galaxy power spectrum
Here we focus on the features of the Fourier space galaxy power spectrum P(k).
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